# What is the Greatest Common Factor of 9 and 12?

Greatest common factor (GCF) of 9 and 12 is **3**.

GCF(9,12) = 3

We will now calculate the prime factors of **9 and 12**, than find the greatest common factor *(greatest common divisor (gcd))* of the numbers by matching the biggest common factor of 9 and 12.

## How to find the GCF of 9 and 12?

We will first find the prime factorization of 9 and 12. After we will calculate the factors of 9 and 12 and find the biggest common factor number .

### Step-1: Prime Factorization of 9

Prime factors of 9 are 3. Prime factorization of **9** in exponential form is:

9 = 3^{2}

### Step-2: Prime Factorization of 12

Prime factors of 12 are 2, 3. Prime factorization of **12** in exponential form is:

12 = 2^{2} × 3^{1}

### Step-3: Factors of 9

List of positive integer factors of 9 that divides 9 without a remainder.

1, 3

### Step-4: Factors of 12

List of positive integer factors of 12 that divides 9 without a remainder.

1, 2, 3, 4, 6

#### Final Step: Biggest Common Factor Number

We found the factors and prime factorization of 9 and 12. The biggest common factor number is the **GCF** number.

So the **greatest common factor 9 and 12** is **3**.

Also check out the Least Common Multiple of 9 and 12